Biocomputation Using Molecular Agents Moving in Microfluidic Channel Networks: An Alternative Platform for Information Technology
Deficiencies in software or computer chips cause computers or smartphones to crash and allow hackers to steal passwords. Automated test procedures could avoid these problems. However, the computing power and cooling requirements of conventional computers increase exponentially with the size of the problem, so that the technological limits for solving these problems will soon be reached. The EU project Bio4Comp aims to develop concepts for a bio-computer to help overcome these two main problems. Compared to conventional computers, computers based on biological molecular motors only consume a fraction of the energy per arithmetic operation and scale very well for problems that can be parallelized (“multitasking”). In this article, the topic network-based biocomputation (NBC) i.e. computing with biological molecules as agents that are driven by molecular motors in microfluidic networks, is presented as an alternative approach to computing, data processing, and information technology.