Analysis of stimulated Raman scattering in cw kW fiber oscillators
In this paper the threshold for Stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) is analyzed experimentally and theoretically for monolithic LMA cq kW fiber oscillators. Four oscillators with different spectral widths of the low reflecting (LR) Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBG) (0.04 nm, 0.5 nm, 1.5 nm (FWHM) and without LR grating) were characterized. Experimental it was found that threshold of SRS depends on the spectral width of the out coupling FBGs, which is not yet understood completely. Attempts to describe such lasers by simulations are based on nonlinear Schrödinger equation supporting spectral broadening of cw-fiber laser, rate equation gain as well as broadband Raman gain. The experimental results and the simulations were compared and discussed.