Energy corridors. European Union and neighbouring countries
The European Union is concerned by the competitiveness, security and sustainability of its energy system. This publication presents the main results of the ENCOURAGED project that assessed the potential energy corridors between the EU and its neighbouring countries addressing in particular the issues on natural gas, electricity andhydrogen. The EU neighbouring countries are the main suppliers and transit countries of oil and natural gas. The dependency ofthe EU on imported gas supplies is largely increasing in the next years. Therefore, the role of neighbouring countries will grow significantly in the next decades and will probably extend to electricity exchanges and perhaps, in the nextdecades, to hydrogen supply. Three main points are of particular importance for the integration of the energy markets of the EU and neighbouringcountries: to get compatible interconnections, compatible market framework and compatible environmental policies.
European Commission, Directorate-General for Research and Sustainable Energy Systems
Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands -ECN-, Petten
Observatoire Méditerranéen de l'Energie -OME-, Sophia Antipolis
CESI RICERCA, Milano
Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung -ISI-, Karlsruhe