Synchronization Algorithms for OFDM Systems (IEEE802.11a, DVB-T)
Analysis, Simulation, Optimization and Implementation Aspects
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) or Multi-carrier Modulation (MCM) is a digital modulation technique that supports high-rate data with sufficient robustness to radio channel impairments (especially multi-path propagation). Due to that, it is emerging as the modulation technique used for the new generation of wireless communication systems (IEEE802.11a and DVB-T). However, one of the arguments against OFDM is that it is highly sensitive to synchronization errors. This raises up the need for optimum synchronization algorithms for OFDM applications such as IEEE802.11a and DVB-T. In this thesis, several synchronization algorithms are presented. Those algorithms deal mainly with two important synchronization problems: Timing and frequency errors and their consequences. We focus on the implementation aspects of synchronization algorithms and propose optimizations which lead to well performing and robust fixed point implementations. In addition, complexity and cost needed for such a project are analyzed leading to a model for classifying different algorithms depending on cost, time-to-market, and performance.
Zugl.: Erlangen-Nürnberg, Univ., Diss., 2007