Review and assessment of the effect of hydrogen gas pressure on the embrittlement of steels in gaseous hydrogen environment
Hydrogen gas pressure is an important test parameter when considering materials for high-pressure hydrogen applications. A large set of data on the effect of hydrogen gas pressure on mechanical properties in gaseous hydrogen experiments was reviewed. The data were analyzed by converting pressures into fugacities (f) and by fitting the data using an f|n| power law. For 95% of the data sets, |n| was smaller than 0.37, which was discussed in the context of (i) rate-limiting steps in the hydrogen reaction chain and (ii) statistical aspects. This analysis might contribute to defining the appropriate test fugacities (pressures) to qualify materials for gaseous hydrogen applications.