Effective screening of medium-assisted van der Waals interactions between embedded particles
The effect of an implicit medium on dispersive interactions of particle pairs is discussed, and simple expressions for the correction relative to vacuum are derived. We show that a single point Gauss quadrature leads to the intuitive result that the vacuum van der Waals C6-coefficient is screened by the permittivity squared of the environment evaluated near to the resonance frequencies of the interacting particles. This approximation should be particularly relevant if the medium is transparent at these frequencies. In this manuscript, we provide simple models and sets of parameters for commonly used solvents, atoms, and small molecules.
nstitute of Physics, University of Freiburg; Department of Physics and Technology, University of Bergen,
FIT Freiburg Centre for Interactive Materials and Bioinspired Technologies; Frauenhofer IWM, MikroTribologie Centrum?TC