Approaches for the evaluation of future-oriented technologies and concepts in the field of water reuse and desalination
Against the background of drastically rising global water demand and increasing pollution and overexploitation of regional water resources, the demand-driven water supply of households and industry is of central importance. Water reuse and desalination are seen as key technologies toovercome potential regional and local water shortage. In the joint projects funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) 'Future-oriented Technologies and Concepts to Increase Water Availability by Water Reuse and Desalination (WavE)', evaluation approaches foranalysing innovative technologies and concepts are being developed and assessed. All evaluation methods and criteria used were selected based on the decision situation at hand and the decisionmaker ´s preferences. Based on the analysis of six multi-criteria evaluation concepts used in selectedWavE projects, this paper presents a general approach for comparative multi-criteria evaluation of water reuse systems consisting of prerequisites, minimum requirements, evaluation criteria (qualitative, semi-quantitative or quantitative) and a final aggregation of results. Exemplary sets of criteria for the application in a more industrial, municipal and/or international context are presented as an aid for the application of holistic evaluation approaches for (process) concept and technology selection in the context of water reuse and desalination.