Three-dimensional cell model analyses of void growth in ductile materials
Three-dimensional micromechanical models were developed to study the damage by void growth in ductile materials. Special emphasis is given to the influence of the spatial arrangement of the voids. Therefore, periodical void arrays of cubic primitive, body centered cubic and hexagonal structure are investigated by analyzing representative unit cells. The isotropic behaviour of the matrix material is modelled using either v. Mises plasticity or the modified Gurson-Tvergaard constitutive law. The cell models are analyzed by large strain finite element method under monotonic loading while keeping the stress triaxiality constant. The obtained mesoscopic deformation response and the void growth of the unit cells show high dependence on the value of triaxiality. The spatial arrangement has only weak influence on the deformation behaviour, whereas the type and onset of the plastic collapse behaviour are strongly affected. The parameters of the Gurson-Tvergaard model can be calibrated to the ce ll model results even for large porosity, emphasizing its usefulness and justifying its broad applicability.