Insect biotechnology can be described as the development and application of biotechnological methods to make insects or their derived molecules, cells, organs or associated microorganisms available as products or services for applications in medicine, plant protection or industry. This emerging field, also known as yellow biotechnology, is rigorously pursuing translational research approaches with considerable value creation potential. The Bioresources Division at the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (IME) is one of the world's leading research institutions in insect biotechnology. Researchers here are establishing technology platforms that systematically identify and characterize natural products and enzymes from insects and make them utilizable. Innovative technologies for the use of insects in the bioconversion of organic waste into valuable raw materials are also being developed here. In addition, biological and biotechnical processes for the sustainable and environmentally friendly control of insect pests and vector insects are being developed at the Fraunhofer branch in Giessen.