Simulation and optimization of robot driven production systems for peak-load reduction
One way to improve the energy efficiency in manufacturing is the use of energy-sensitive methods in production planning. So far, the energy consumption behavior of production facilities has not been investigated in great detail. Estimates are typically obtained by connected wattage values and concurrency factors. We present a new methodology to simulate and optimize complex robot driven production systems with special emphasis on energy aspects. In particular, we show how to translate the process descriptions and energy consumption profiles into a discrete-event-based simulation model and illustrate this with an example of a car body shop facility. In order to minimize the peak-load we set up an optimization model that is based on periodic time-expanded networks. A solution of this model corresponds to a process sequence for the robots that prescribes relative starting times via additional wait intervals. This sequence is then reinserted into the simulation model to validate the improvement.