Polyurethanes based on 2,2-Dinitropropane-1,3-diol and 2,2-bis(azidomethyl)propane-1,3-diol as potential energetic binders
On the base of 2,2-bis(azidomethyl)propane-1,3-diol (BAMP) and 2,2-dinitropropane-1,3-diol (DNPD) four different polyurethanes were synthesized in a polyaddition reaction using hexamethylene diisocyanate (HMDI) and diisocyanato ethane (DIE). The obtained prepolymers were mainly characterized using vibrational spectroscopy (IR) and elemental analysis. For determination of low and high temperature behavior, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were used. Investigations concerning friction and impact sensitivities were carried out using a BAM drop hammer and friction tester. The energetic properties of the polymers were determined using bomb calorimetric measurements and calculated with the EXPLO5 V6.02 computer code. The obtained values were compared with the glycidyl azide polymer (GAP). The compounds turned out to be insensitive toward friction (>360 N) and less sensitive toward impact (40 J).