Governmental Support Options for the Technology Transfer of Deep Tech Innovations
In recent years, systemic and society-changing technological innovations (Deep Tech or DT innovations) have emerged primarily in the USA and Asia, while Europe is technologically dependent in many application fields. The development of DT is characterised by high financial capital needs. Additionally, intellectual property (IP) management plays a major role. To reduce the technological dependency for many areas in Europe, an adjustment of the government’s role as an actor in the innovation system appears beneficial. Targeted measures can improve the development and transfer of DT and, thus, contribute to securing long-term competitiveness of European nations. The aim of this contribution is therefore to identify support options within the technology transfer of DT innovations by conducting a structured literature analysis. In total, 27 applicable options are identified and structured into derived fields of action within innovation systems.