05 July 2022
Spectroscopic characterization of an atmospheric pressure plasma jet used for cold plasma spraying
Cold plasma spray, a powder deposition method by means of an atmospheric pressure plasma jet is a promising coating technology for use on temperature sensitive surfaces. For further improvement of this coating process, a deeper understanding of its thermokinetic properties is required. By means of optical emission spectroscopy, the plasma effluent of an atmospheric pressure nitrogen arc jet is characterized by different distances from the nozzle and different gas flow rates of 35 Lmin-1 and 45 Lmin-1. A Boltzmann plot of N2+(B-X) was used to determine rotational temperatures, which were found to be around 4000 K at the nozzle exit. Excitation temperatures, analyzed using atomic nitrogen lines, were around 6000 K for all distances. Stark broadening of the Hα-line was too weak for determination of electron density for both gas flow rates. Overall no influence on gas flow rate was found.