Economic effects in emergency management during the last decade
An increasing number of declared major disasters in recent years leads to the question whether money spent on mitigation and preparedness (pre-disaster spending) is spent well to reduce the money spent on response and recovery (post-disaster spending). While research investigates the impact of politics on the decision-making process in regards of the declaration of a major disaster by the president, and the impact of new media on the decisionmaking process, research does not fully investigate the economic effects of pre-disaster spending on the postdisaster spending. However, a relationship between these variables should be present: A high amount spent on mitigation and preparedness before the disaster is expected to reduce the amount needed after a disaster. This paper will investigate this relationship on the state level.