Assessment of binocular fixational eye movements including cyclotorsion with split-field binocular scanning laser ophthalmoscopy
Fixational eye movements are a hallmark of human gaze behavior, yet little is known about how they interact between fellow eyes. Here, we designed, built and validated a split-field binocular scanning laser ophthalmoscope to record high-resolution eye motion traces from both eyes of six observers during fixation in different binocular vergence conditions. In addition to microsaccades and drift, torsional eye motion could be extracted, with a spatial measurement error of less than 1 arcmin. Microsaccades were strongly coupled between fellow eyes under all conditions. No monocular microsaccade occurred and no significant delay between microsaccade onsets across fellow eyes could be detected. Cyclotorsion was also firmly coupled between both eyes, occurring typically in conjugacy, with gradual changes during drift and abrupt changes during saccades.