LDV Measurements of Turbulent Baroclinic Boundary Layers
LDV-Messungen in einer turbulenten baroklinen Grenzschicht
Described here are shock tube experiments of nonsteady, turbulent boundary layers with large density variations. A dense-gas layer was created by injecting Freon through the porous floor of the shock tube. As the shock front propagated along the layer, vorticity was created at the air-Freon interface by an inviscid, baroclinic mechanism. Shadow-schlieren photography was used to visualize the turbulent mixing in this baroclinic boundary layer. Laser-Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) was used to measure the streamwise velocity histories at 14 heights. After transition, the boundary layer profiles may be approximated by a power-law function. The value for the exponent lies between the clean flat plate value and the dusty boundary layer value, and is controlled by the gas density near the wall.