Hypervelocity impact damage prediction in composites. Pt.II: Experimental investigations and simulations
The extension of damage in composites during hypervelocity impact (HVI) of space debris is controlled by failure thresholds and subsequent energy consumption during damage growth. Characterisation and modelling of the material under partially and fully damaged states is essential for the prediction of HVI effects on fibre-composite structures. Improved experimental and numerical analysis techniques have been developed and are summarised in an accompanying paper. The present paper deals with the establishment of two precise damage experiments under HVI conditions as a validation basis for numerical simulations: The first type consists of space debris impact configurations optimised for damage evaluation and the second experiments reproduce HVI strain rates and compressions in plate impact. Coupling of damage analysis techniques (visual, ultrasonic, residual strength) to quantify different aspects of failure has been achieved. Numerical simulations using the commercial hydrocode AUTODYN in mesh-based and SPH formulations are presented using the material model and data described in the accompanying paper.