CGH-based real-time analysis of fiber Bragg gratings in few mode LMA fibers
We report on a new approach for experimentally analyzing transversal mode coupling in few mode fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs). Utilizing a spatial light modulator (SLM) enables real-time modulation of the incident spatial light distribution coupled into the fiber. Thus, individual transversal fiber modes can be excited, allowing for effort-less mode switching and mode rotation. Simultaneously, the transmitted and reflected modes are analyzed. We use this setup to demonstrate LP mode discrimination by asymmetric FBGs which favor reflection of a designated LP11 mode orientation for few mode large mode area fibers.