Multiscale constitutive modeling of additively manufactured Al-Si-Mg alloys based on measured phase stresses and dislocation density
To better understand and predict the mechanical properties of additive manufacturing (AM) Al-Si-Mg alloys, developing a physically-based constitutive model is crucial. Among different models, the dislocation-density-based Kocks-Mecking (K-M) constitutive model has been widely used. Unfortunately, two challenges arise when the K-M model is used for the multiphase Al alloys. Firstly, an accurate K-M model demands the separation of phase stresses. Secondly, a thorough analysis of the K-M model involves the measurement of dislocation density during deformation. In-situ neutron diffraction, a powerful method to measure the phase stress and dislocation density in bulk polycrystalline materials under loading, is employed to investigate the AM AlSi3.5Mg1.5 and AlSi3.5Mg2.5 (wt.%) alloys. Based on the present results and reported data of AlSi10Mg, a multiscale constitutive model is developed for different AM Al-Si-Mg alloys. At the microscale, the evolution of dislocation density in the Al matrix with plastic strain can be well predicted by the K-M model. Meanwhile, the developments of the average stresses in different phases with plastic strain can be well captured by the Voce model. The measured microscopic k2/nc values agree with the theoretical value two of the K-M model quite well. Here, nc is the characteristic factor of the microscale Voce model, while k2 is the coefficient associated with the dynamic recovery process in the microscale K-M model. At the macroscale, the mechanical behavior can also be well reproduced by the K-M model and the Voce model. However, the macroscopic K2/Nc ratio is far away from two, where Nc and K2 are the characteristic factor and coefficient of the macroscale Voce model and K-M model, respectively.