Cutting force prediction in micro-milling considering the cutting edge micro-geometry
The micro-milling process is used for a wide range of materials and enables the manufacturing of complex geometries with micro-features. One important factor for the tool life is the cutting force Fc, which depends on the applied technology, process parameters and cutting edge micro-geometry. High cutting forces Fc can lead to tool breakage in the transition between the shank and the cutting part of cemented carbide end mills. The prediction of cutting forces Fc in micro-milling processes through cutting force models could potentially decrease the hazard of tool breakage. By including the cutting edge radius rv into the prediction model, additional correction factors can be avoided. Therefore, further knowledge about the applicability of those models for the micro-milling process with chip thickness h < 0.01 mm is needed. In this investigation, the cutting force model of KOTSCHENREUTHER , which takes the cutting edge radius rv into account is used for the cutting force prediction in micro-milling. In order to validate this model, an innovative lead free copper alloy CuZn21Si3P is machined. Cemented carbide micro-milling tools with tool diameter D = 1 mm were used. The manufacturing of different cutting edge radii rv was realised with the immersed tumbling process. During milling experiments with a five-axis high precision machine tool the cutting forces Fc were measured. Cutting forces in a range of 6 N < Fc < 26 N were detected. The results show good correlations between the predicted and experimental determined cutting forces Fc. Furthermore, the measured cutting edge radii rv show a high influence on the deviation of the measured and predicted cutting forces Fc.