Wheel-individual estimation of the friction potential for split friction and changing friction conditions for the application in an automated emergency braking system
Including information of the current road surface conditions can significantly improve the effectiveness of an Automated Emergency Braking System (AEB) to avoid accidents or reduce the injury severity in rear-end crashes. A method to estimate the friction potential based on on-board sensor information is shown in this work. This work expands the scope of existing investigations on whether the accuracy needed for the warning and intervention strategies of AEB can be reached with the proposed method. First, the bandwidth of surface conditions investigated is extended by including low friction surfaces comparable to ice. Second, situations of changing surface conditions and wheel-individual surface conditions were evaluated. Finally, estimation based on different sensor sets was conducted wi th regard to series application. The investigations are based on measurements performed on a proving ground. The main emphasis was placed on estimation during longitudinal driving conditions. The used sensors include advanced vehicle dynamics measurement equipment as well as standard on-board sensors of the vehicle.