High-power dense wavelength division multiplexing of multimode diode laser radiation based on volume Bragg gratings
We present a dense wavelength division multiplexer based on volume Bragg gratings (VBGs) with a channel spacing of Delta lambda = 1.5 nm. Multiplexing efficiencies of eta(SM) = 97% have been demonstrated with single-mode, frequency-stabilized diode laser radiation. By use of VBGs in an external-cavity laser we constrict the spectral bandwidth of passively cooled multimode diode laser bars with 19 broad-area emitters to delta lambda(95%) = 120 pm. When the multimode high-power diode laser radiation with a beam propagation factor of M-2 approximate to 45 is overlaid, the multiplexing efficiency decreases to eta(MM) = 85%. Temperature control of the VBGs expands the high-efficiency operation range.