New technologies in manufacturing of different implantable microelectrodes as an interface to the peripheral nervous system
Implantable microelectrodes represent the direct interface between biological tissue and technical systems. Different designs like cuff, shaft, sieve, and needle electrodes were developed. The results of the different electrodes were compared and discussed. Microfabrication methods enable the design of novel kinds of electrodes including active electronics. Integrated electronic circuitry can reduce the number of connection lines to the electrode and increase the signal quality. This paper presents some examples of production technology and designs of neural prostheses for recording and stimulation.