Nanoplasmonic enhancement of the emission of semiconductor polymer composites
We report on the influence of localized surface plasmon resonance excitation of Au@SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles on the amplified spontaneous emission of a semiconductor polymer composite (F8BT/MEH-PPV). Au@SiO2 nanoparticles are compatible with the donor-acceptor polymer matrix and get uniformly distributed within the whole polymer film. The plasmon resonance band of the nanoparticles correlates with both the emission and excitation spectra of the polymer composite, as well as with the donor emission and acceptor excitation spectra. We demonstrate that resonantly excited Au@SiO2 nanoparticles enhance the amplified spontaneous emission and the modal gain of the polymer films. The measurement of influential factors reveals that the emission is enhanced predominantly by the increase of acceptor excitation rate, which is accompanied by depletion of the FRET efficiency and increase of quantum yield. The enhancement factor is increased by both introducing a higher loading of plasmonic nanoparticles in the polymer film and increasing the excitation energy. This work shows that these plasmonic nanoantennas are able to enhance the stimulated emission of semiconductor polymers by improving the size mismatch between the excitation light and the emitting polymer.