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Ultrashort pulse written fiber Bragg gratings as narrowband filters in multicore fibers

: Goebel, T.A.; Nold, J.; Hupel, C.; Kuhn, S.; Haarlammert, N.; Schreiber, T.; Matzdorf, C.; Imogore, T.O.; Krämer, R.G.; Richter, D.; Tünnermann, A.; Nolte, S.

Fulltext ()

Applied optics 60 (2021), No.19, pp.D43-D51
ISSN: 0003-6935
ISSN: 1539-4522
ISSN: 1559-128X
ISSN: 2155-3165
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOF ()
extraterrestrial atmospheres; Fiber Bragg Gratings; infrared devices; notch filters; resonance

We present the inscription of narrow-linewidth fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) into different types of multicore fibers (MCFs) using ultrashort laser pulses and the phase mask technique, which can act as notch filters. Such filters are required, e.g., to suppress light emitted by hydroxyl in the Earth's upper atmosphere, which disturbs ground-based observation of extraterrestrial objects in the near infrared. However, the inscription into a commercially available seven-core fiber showed a quite large core-to-core deviation of the resonance wavelength of up to 0.45 nm. Two options are presented to overcome this: First, we present the photo-treatment of the FBGs to tune the resonance wavelength, which allows for sufficient resonance shifts. Second, adapted MCFs containing 12 cores, arranged on a circle, are fabricated. For this, two different fabrication procedures were investigated, namely, the mechanical drilling of the preform for a rod-in-tube version as well as a stack-and-draw approach. Both adapted MCFs yielded significant improvements with core-to-core wavelength variations of the FBGs of only about 0.18nmand 0.11 nm, respectively, sufficient to fulfill the requirements for astronomical filter applications as discussed above.