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25.1% High‐Efficiency Monolithic Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar Cell with a High Bandgap Perovskite Absorber

: Schulze, P.S.C.; Bett, A.J.; Bivour, M.; Caprioglio, P.; Gerspacher, F.M.; Kabakli, Ö.S.; Richter, A.; Stolterfoht, M.; Zhang, Q.; Neher, D.; Hermle, M.; Hillebrecht, H.; Glunz, S.W.; Goldschmidt, J.C.

Fulltext ()

Solar RRL 4 (2020), No.7, Art.2000152, 10 pp.
ISSN: 2367-198X
Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Energie BMWi (Deutschland)
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISE ()

Monolithic perovskite silicon tandem solar cells can overcome the theoretical efficiency limit of silicon solar cells. This requires an optimum bandgap, high quantum efficiency, and high stability of the perovskite. Herein, a silicon heterojunction bottom cell is combined with a perovskite top cell, with an optimum bandgap of 1.68 eV in planar p–i–n tandem configuration. A methylammonium‐free FA0.75Cs0.25Pb(I0.8Br0.2)3 perovskite with high Cs content is investigated for improved stability. A 10% molarity increase to 1.1 m of the perovskite precursor solution results in ≈75 nm thicker absorber layers and 0.7 mA cm−2 higher short‐circuit current density. With the optimized absorber, tandem devices reach a high fill factor of 80% and up to 25.1% certified efficiency. The unencapsulated tandem device shows an efficiency improvement of 2.3% (absolute) over 5 months, showing the robustness of the absorber against degradation. Moreover, a photoluminescence quantum yield analysis reveals that with adapted charge transport materials and surface passivation, along with improved antireflection measures, the high bandgap perovskite absorber has the potential for 30% tandem efficiency in the near future.