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Integrated piezoelectric actuators in deep drawing tools to reduce the try-out

Einsatz piezoelektrischer Aktoren in Umformwerkzeugen zur Reduzierung des Einarbeitungsaufwands
: Neugebauer, Reimund; Drossel, W.-G.; Kerschner, M.; Mainda, P.; Roscher, H.-J.

Preprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-1631462 (523 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: ba69fff71ee21917102a4e0ab00f3fbe
Copyright AIP
Created on: 26.5.2011

Menary, G. ; American Institute of Physics -AIP-, New York:
14th International ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming 2011 : 27-29 April 2011, Belfast
New York, N.Y.: AIP Press, 2011 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1353)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-0911-8
ISBN: 0-7354-0911-0
ISSN: 0094-243X
International Conference on Material Forming <14, 2011, Belfast>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWU ()
deep drawing tools; try-out; sheet metal forming; piezoelectric actuator

Tool making is a very time consuming and expensive operation because many iteration loops are used to manually adjust tool components during the try-out process. That means that trying out deep drawing tools is 30% of the total costs. This is the reason why an active deep drawing tool was developed at the Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU in cooperation with Audi and Volkswagen to reduce the costs and production rates. The main difference between the active and conventional deep drawing tools is using piezoelectric actuators to control the forming process. The active tool idea, which is the main subject of this research, will be presented as well as the findings of experiments with the custom-built deep drawing tool. This experimental tool was designed according to production requirements and has been equipped with piezoelectric actuators that allow active pressure distribution on the sheet metal flange. The disposed piezoelectric elements are similar to those being used in piezo injector systems for modern diesel engines. In order to achieve the required force, the actuators are combined in a cluster that is embedded in the die of the deep drawing tool. One main objective of this work, i.e. reducing the time-consuming try-out-period, has been achieved with the experimental tool which means that the actuators were used to set static pressure distribution between the blankholder and die. We will present the findings of our analysis and the advantages of the active system over a conventional deep drawing tool. In addition to the ability of changing the static pressure distribution, the piezoelectric actuator can also be used to generate a dynamic pressure distribution during the forming process. As a result the active tool has the potential to expand the forming constraints to make it possible to manage forming restrictions caused by light weight materials in future.