Publications Search Results

Now showing 1 - 10 of 30
  • Publication
    Developing and applying a framework for assessing the research quality of qualitative project methods in the EU project SECUR-ED
    ( 2017)
    Hoyland, Sindre A.
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    Hagen, Janne M.
    ;
    Engelbach, Wolf
    Qualitative research plays a vital role in political development and in the design of statutes and directives. Consequently, ensuring the quality of this research is important. However, the current literature on evaluation of quantitative and qualitative research does not reflect this importance, and we have identified a need to establish guidelines for evaluating qualitative research projects for quality. Therefore, and based on existing research, we have developed a framework for assessing the research quality of large complex projects using qualitative methods. In our study, as presented in this article, we operationalize and apply the framework to evaluate six specific methods in the large European research project, Secured Urban Transportation-A European Demonstration (SECUR-ED); each method is assessed according to the quality criteria of ""transferability,"" ""systematic design/reliability,"" and ""transactional validity."" Overall, we find that half of the SECUR-ED project methods demonstrate thorough documentation and transferability, and that half of the methods lack consistent usage and therefore score low on both reliability and validity. We also find that one method, the capacity mapping matrix, scores high on all quality parameters. Accordingly, we suggest that future European Union (EU) projects replicate the documentation efforts demonstrated in relation to several of the SECUR-ED methods, and consider the capacity mapping matrix as ""best practice"" standard. We conclude that the framework represents a novel approach to quality assessments of qualitative project methods across research topics and contexts.
  • Publication
    Simulation and analysis of mass casualty mission tactics
    ( 2015) ;
    Havlik, Denis
    ;
    Böspflug, Lars
    ;
    Max, Matthias
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    Rannat, Kalev
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    Erlich, Marc
    ;
    Engelbach, Wolf
    Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) cannot be managed with existing resources from operational area. The key to MCI management therefore is the efficient use of the few own resources as well as resources from neighboring administrative units by local medical mission commanders. This paper suggests a computer-based modeling and simulation system with a user- and context-adequate interface for testing local MCI mission tactics with realistic spatial and temporal availabilities of rescue units and hospitals in the vicinity of an accident site. From an organizational point of view, the tool could contribute to a holistic quality management approach for improving MCI management by facilitating site-specific resource deployment, mission structure, and patient evacuation planning. This paper describes the interaction concept of a resource planning application and envisions its usage in training courses, in breaks of leading personnel and for elaborating local preparedness plans.
  • Publication
    Experimenting towards civil society resilience
    ( 2015)
    Engelbach, Wolf
    ;
    Kloyber, Christian
    ;
    Rigaud, Eric
    ;
    Wendt, Willi
    Civil Society Resilience is an area of crisis management that is complementary to professional response. Crisis managers and response organizations need to integrate individuals, communities and local governments in their management efforts, among others by efficient crisis communication via media and the mobilization and handling of citizens as spontaneous volunteers. DRIVER aims at a campaign of experiments: organizational concepts and IT-solutions will be iteratively tested and assessed under realistic conditions to understand and improve their operational benefits. Therefore, this paper outlines the DRIVER approach of addressing the civil society in the context of resilience towards crisis situations. This does not only include a society oriented definition of local resilience as well as an introduction into the DRIVER perspectives of the society to be included in the DRIVER framework, rather it will be explained how DRIVERs consecutive experimentation approach supports the sustainable development of local societal resilience.
  • Publication
    Interactive virtual world models for crisis preparedness - better than the real thing?
    ( 2015)
    Havlik, Denis
    ;
    Engelbach, Wolf
    ;
    Erlich, Marc
    ;
    Meriste, Merik
    Success of crisis management largely depends on: (1) inherent resilience of the society; (2) preparedness level of the first responders; and (3) right "gut feeling" of crisis managers. "Learning by doing" to improve resilience and planning is difficult to do, especially for low-probability/high-impact events and for multi-hazards with cascading effects. Due to rarity of such events, many crisis managers, regional planers and other stakeholders have no first-hand experience in handling them. The best available alternative is learning by doing in a simulated crisis situation or during an exercise. The EU FP7 project CRISMA (www.crismaproject.eu) - "Modelling crisis management for improved action and preparedness" has developed a methodology and software framework for simulation-based decision support systems. CRISMA targeted use cases in the preparatory phase of crisis management: short and long-term planning, desktop training and assessment in field trainings. Application prototypes cover different risk (floods, snowstorms, earthquakes, forest fires, accidental pollutions, mass accidents) and illustrate how the CRISMA framework can be used in a relatively simple but integrated manner to develop fully fledged decision support applications [Dihé et al., 2013]. This paper illustrates how each of these cases has been realized, explains how this work can be used to advance different aspects of crisis management preparedness and discusses if and why learning in virtual worlds can be more effective than from real world events.
  • Publication
    Inter-organisational cooperation for the professional integration of volunteers in crisis management
    ( 2015)
    Mauthner, Jana
    ;
    ;
    Engelbach, Wolf
    In crisis situations volunteers provide support. In many countries well established is their affiliation to crisis management organisations, but in addition unaffiliated, spontaneous volunteers are coming on site and offer their help. Facing a continuous declining willingness of volunteers to get involved for a long period, as observed for some time in Germany, improving volunteer management in crisis response is considered crucial when addressing crisis management as a whole. Also the corporate sector plays an increasingly important role in volunteer management by supporting crisis management with financial, material and personnel resources. This role includes both, the corporate social responsibility aspects of companies being civil society actors, and more specifically the role of companies being employers of privately engaged volunteers. There is a suggestion for improved inter-organisational cooperation, starting from specific projects, with synergetic effects for the companies, the response organisations and the volunteers themselves.
  • Publication
    SECTOR: Secure common information space for the interoperability of first responders
    ( 2015)
    Mauthner, Jana
    ;
    ;
    Engelbach, Wolf
    ;
    Szklarski, Lukasz
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    Gmitrowicz, Piotr
    ;
    Semet, Yann
    ;
    Wilson, Frank
    ;
    Pignon, Jean-Paul
    Nowadays, crisis management faces many challenges since societies become increasingly vulnerable to disasters. Natural and man-made disasters impact various communities and place multiple demands for crisis management organisations. Successful response to disasters and crises mainly depends on the quality of planning, collaboration, cooperation, and coordination of actors involved in crisis management. Crisis management organisations need to respond quickly and effectively to new risks and unexpected threats. Accordingly, there is an ever growing need for the interoperability of a great variety of organisations ranging from international organisations, first responders and police authorities to governmental authorities, commercial suppliers and volunteers. Collaboration can be supported at best, if these organisations combine their strengths and create synergies. Based on a shared understanding and organisational procedures, this can be improved by (IT-supported) information systems that enable multilevel, multi-organisational and cross-border information flows.
  • Publication
    Anforderungen an Organisationen für einen zukunftsfähigen Katastrophenschutz
    ( 2015)
    Engelbach, Wolf
    ;
    Mauthner, Jana
    ;
    Engel, Kerstin
  • Publication
  • Publication
    Decision making and strategic planning for disaster preparedness with a multi-criteria-analysis decision support system
    ( 2015)
    Schlobinski, Sascha
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    Zuccaro, Giulio
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    Scholl, Martin
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    Meiers, Daniel
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    Denzer, Ralf
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    Guarino, Sergio
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    Engelbach, Wolf
    ;
    Taveter, Kuldar
    ;
    Frysinger, Steven
    In the context of the CRISMA FP7 project we have developed a seamless decision support concept to connect simulated crisis scenarios and aggregated performance indicators of impact scenarios with state of the art Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methods. To prove the practicality of the approach we have developed a decision support tool realising the important aspects of the method. The tool is a highly interactive and user-friendly decision support system (DSS) that effectively helps the decision maker and strategic planner to perform multi-criteria ranking of scenarios. The tool is based on state-of-the-art web technologies.
  • Publication
    Marktstudie 2015: Multidomänen-Stammdatenmanagementsysteme
    Bedeutung für die erfolgreiche Unternehmensführung, aber sein Potential wird noch nicht bis zum Ende ausgenutzt. Erfolgreiches Stammdatenmanagement hat als Ziel, dass alle relevanten Unternehmensdaten sauber, konsistent, hochwertig und immer verfügbar gehalten werden. Was sind die neuen Tendenzen im Stammdatenmanagement? Welche Ziele werden dabei verfolgt? In der aktuellen Studie des Fraunhofer IAO stehen die Funktionalitäten moderner Stammdatenmanagementsysteme im Mittelpunkt. Sie werden hinsichtlich der IT-Entwicklungen und der Anwendungsoptionen eingeordnet. Die Studie bietet mithilfe quantitativer Fragen eine Marktübersicht aktueller Multidomänen-Stammdatensysteme und erleichtert so den Anwendern einen Produktvergleich: aktuelle Stammdatensysteme und deren Funktionsumfang werden übersichtlich für potenzielle Anwender und Interessierte zusammengestellt. Damit soll dem wachsenden Markt und steigendem Interesse an Stammdatenlösungen Rechnung getragen werden. Die Marktübersicht wird ergänzt durch qualitative Fragen zur Trenderfassung im Bereich des Stammdatenmanagements seitens der Hersteller, um mögliche Entwicklungsrichtungen des Stammdatenmanagements aufzuzeigen.