Investigations on the Potential of 5G for the Detection of Wear in Industrial Roller-Burnishing Processes
Roller burnishing represents an economical alternative to conventional surface-finishing processes, such as fine turning or honing. In contrast to the well-known wear mechanisms of chip-forming processes, the wear behavior in roller-burnishing is strongly based on the experience of the machine operators. The nature of the finishing process makes roller-burnishing very sensitive to surface defects, as it is often not possible to rework the last step in a process chain. In the present work, a prototype for a smart roller-burnishing tool with 5G communication is presented, which serves as an inline-monitoring tool to detect tool wear. A suitable metric to monitor the tool wear of the manufacturing roll is suggested, and the potentials of 5G communication for the described use-case are evaluated. Based on the signal-to-noise ratio of the process-force, a metric is found that distinguishes new rolls from worn rolls with very small defects on the micrometer scale. Using the presented approach, it was possible to distinguish the signal-to-noise ratio of a roll with very small wear marks by 3.8% on average. In the case of stronger wear marks, on the order of 20 µm, the difference increased to up to 15.6%.
Abdul Sahul Hamid, Abdul Aziz