ISO.Wind - A monitoring system for wind parks using passive radar
Intelligent wind park monitoring systems may allow cutting the levelized cost of wind-generated electricity by deploying maintenance personnel more efficiently. The non-contacting passive radar technology and advanced sensing technologies on the plant side offer significant potential for such monitoring systems. The goal of the 3-year-long project ISO.Wind is to identify the most cost-efficient sensing technologies to detect maintenance-relevant damages and to use them for a wind park monitoring system. For this purpose a commercial 3MW wind turbine is instrumented with strain gauges following IEC standard 61400-13 and a network of accelerometers. It is also monitored by passive radar technology. A learning algorithm is developed and fed with available data from the sensor systems and operational data from the instrumented wind turbine. The algorithm is capable of detecting operational patterns and damage cases of the wind turbine. A graphic user interface illustrates these conditions in a comprehensible way. First field measurements show the suitability of the passive radar technology to detect the damage-relevant dynamics of the instrumented wind turbine. Validated simulations of typical damage cases prove that both instrumentation on the plant side and the passive radar sensing technology allow reliable damage detection for the examined wind turbine.