Applying product-integrated RFID transponders for tracking vehicles across the automotive life cycle
Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a well-established approach for tracking and tracing vehicles. So far, researchers and practitioners have focused on track and trace solutions, which apply RFID transponders that are temporarily attached to vehicles. In this paper, we investigate the potential of integrating transponders into vehicles as actual part of the product. Our research indicates that permanent product integration is feasible from the technical point of view and may support a large variety of track and trace scenarios, e.g., vehicle production and logistics as well as customer applications such as toll collections and parking lot solutions.