Analysis of grain structure evolution via image processing based on optical measurements of mc Si wafers
A fast and thorough characterization of grain structure in multicrystalline silicon (mc-Si) is crucial to improve crystal growth and thus bulk lifetime in solar cells. The presented characterization techniques are based on simple optical measurements on as-cut mc-Si wafers. An insight into the entire brick is gained by connecting 2D-information, computed via advanced pattern recognition techniques, over brick height. We identify robust statistical key parameters. Their development within typical bricks of different cast-Si techniques is compared and it is found that the distinct behavior of different materials in the lower part of the brick subsides towards the brick top where grain size distribution is similar.