Microphone position optimization for planar superdirective beamforming
The performance of a fixed beamformer highly depends on the position of the microphones in the array. In this paper, different heuristic optimisation approaches for arbitrary planar arrays and an exhaustive search approach for structured array geometries are presented to optimise the microphone positions for a superdirective beamformer, aiming at maximizing the mean directivity index for several steering angles of interest. Through the derivation of an upper bound on the achievable performance, it is shown that the proposed approaches generate configurations with a near-optimal performance. In addition, the theoretical results are validated using real measurements, demonstrating the practical usability of the proposed methods.