Uncovering the difference
Management of collaboration in communities of practice and in virtual enterprises / virtual organisations
There are many interesting articles covering collaboration in Communities of Practices (CoPs) and in Virtual Enterprises (VEs)/Virtual Organisations (VOs). At the same time, until this moment there is no established literature on differences and similarities of collaboration management in both kinds of working structures. Within the foreseen paper, the authors are aiming to review this topic and provide insights in similarities and differences concerning structure, objectives, roles and collaboration management tools of and for CoPs and VEs/VOs. The underlying assumption is that managers of VEs/VOs can learn a lot from the immense literature and knowledge on CoPs as there is a big potential to challenge VEs/VOs through integrating and using management concepts developed in Communities of Practice. The provided insights will be validated by the results of a study on collaboration in Concurrent Enterprises performed during the IST Project CORMA No 1999-12685, a case study in a successful Brazilian VO (VIRFEBRAS) in the mold and die making industry, management insights from the KnowledgeBoard Community build up and supported by the IST Project European Knowledge Management Forum (European KAI Forum) No. 2000-26393 and the results of a PhD study on the implementation of Communities of Practice at Daimler-Chrysler.