Responsivity and Gain of InGaAs/GaAs-QWIPs and GaAs/AlGaAs-QWIPS: a Comparative Study
Responsivität und Gewinn von InGaAs/GaAs-QWIPs und GaAs/AlGaAs-QWIPS: eine vergleichende Studie
We experimentally compare the peak responsivity R, gain g, quantum efficiency, and detectivity of GaAs/AlGaAs-QWIPs with devices based on the competing material system InGaAs/GaAs. For this purpose we use a typical n-type GaAs/AlGaAs-QWIP and three n-type InGaAs/GaAs-QWIPs with varying doping densities. R and g of the GaAs/AlGaAs-QWIP show a typical negative differential behavior, while both quantities grow monotonously with increasing bias voltage in the case of the InGaAs/GaAs-QWIPs. For identical nominal doping densities and similar cutoff wavelengths between 8.9 micrometers and 9 micrometers , InGaAs/GaAs-QWIPs show much higher responsivities than GaAs/AlGaAs-QWIPs. The ratio between these responsivities is 2.5 at the bias voltage where the GaAs/AlGaAs-QWIP has its maximum. By making use of the different bias dependence of the responsivity in both types of QWIPs a further enhancement of this factor is achieved. Nevertheless, both types of QWIPs show comparable detectivities. This is due to the fact that the gain has a negligible influence on the detectivity. In conclusion, InGaAs/GaAs-QWIPs are promising if high responsivities and short integration times are required.