D5.1 A critical evaluation of standardisation as a tool for improving preparedness, crisis management and disaster resilience with recommendations for future development and actions
The purpose of this report is to provide a better understanding of the relationship between standardisation and improved disaster resilience and assess the efficiency of standardisation as a tool to improve crisis management and disaster resilience. To achieve this purpose, the characteristics of both standardisation and disaster management have been re-examined with new standpoints. The ResiStand project is mainly looking at standardisation from the points of view of three stakeholder communities which have their own role, motivation and effect in the process. These three communities are the End users (national authorities, practitioners and NGOs), Suppliers (the industry incl. SMEs and the research domain) and the Standardisation domain (members and employees of standardisation bodies). In this report, a fourth stakeholder group is introduced, namely the Policymakers involved in disaster management or standardisation. Both European and international key organisations have been addressed and their policies and relationships have been assessed. An optimal mix of potential new disaster management related standardisation items is sought through sorting and assessing them by standard types and disaster management phases. The study examines the means to improve the prerequisites for participation of selected stakeholder groups in standardisation activities: end users and small enterprises have difficulties to participate in the standardisation process. Similarly, new ways of getting more results of EU-funded research projects as the basis for new standardisation items are studied. The coordination of security standardisation has also been addressed and new ideas are presented to improve the cooperation between various bodies. As disaster management related standards often are utilised in joint or even global operations, the study examines the relationship between existing standards and the globally renowned Sendai Framework. This is done by mapping the items against the four Sendai principles. A set of conclusions and recommendations are an integral part of this study - these will form a basis for the forthcoming planning of the sustainable ResiStand pre-standardisation process.