D2.2 Analysis of standards and standardisation experiences relevant to disaster resilience
This report provides an overview of international, European and national standardisation committees as well as international and European organisations in the area of disaster resilience, including the analysis of relevant standards and guidelines as well as involved stakeholders and standardisation experiences. Deliverable D2.1 'Overview of standardisation committees and organisations, including the stakeholders involved, for disaster resilience' served as the basis for this report, in which information is further enhanced and further analysis on standards and guidelines as well as interviews were added. This report thus presents the full overview of the work done in WP2. A large number of standards relevant to disaster resilience have been identified on international, European and national level. Most of the standards are developed on international level. There are less European standards developed than international standards. However, some of the international standards are also adopted as European standards. On national level, standards of the following countries have been analysed: France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, United Kingdom and United States. Except for Sweden, all of the countries have one or more standards in the area of disaster resilience. No standards in different countries were found that cover exactly the same topic. The involvement of stakeholders in international, European and national standardisation committees differs, but in all levels of standardisation the category 'Industry/SME and consultancy' is best represented. There is often a lack of stakeholder participation in the other categories and the interviews with chairs as well as secretaries of standardisation committees confirm that there is a need for more experts dedicated to the standardisation work. Many guidelines of different organisations exist with regard to disaster resilience. They deal with various aspects and tasks. The described guidelines show that current events are taken into account in the development of guidelines (e.g. guidelines about volcanic ash). The guidelines that were analysed mostly deal with the mitigation and preparedness phase. They focus mainly on measures to limit/reduce the impact of disasters or on developing/maintaining the organisation structure and capabilities to carry out response and recovery activities in case of a disaster. With regard to NATO, some standards were publicly available; however a major part of the standards and documents published by NATO is not publicly available due to security classification.