Technological Competition, Employment and Innovation Policies in OECD Countries
High unemployment rates in the period of an internationalization of economies and an intensified technological competition are the main problems that exist in most EU countries. Taking stock of unemployment patterns, technological trends and employment opportunities in the EU and the US is crucial for the reform debate in Europe. In continental Europe, major problems are an insufficient creation of new firms in innovative technology fields, inadequate labor market developments and inconsistent R&D policies. Founded on new data evaluations, the book presents an innovative analysis of these topics and shows opportunities for reforms. TOC: Introduction.- Executive Summary.- EU Labor Markets Facing Globalization and Intensified Technology Competition.- R&D Policy and Employment from a Theoretical Perspective.- R&D Policy and Employment in the Triade.- The Global Economy: R&D, Structural Change and Employment Shifts.- European R&D Policy.- Summary and Conclusions.- Appendix.