Right Ventricular Function After Pulmonary Artery Banding: Adaptive Processes Assessed by CMR and Conductance Catheter Measurements in Sheep
This experimental study describes the adaptive processes of the right ventricular (RV) myocardium after pulmonary artery banding (PAB) evaluated by cine cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), phase-contrast CMR (PC-CMR), and conductance catheter. Seven sheep were subjected to CMR 3 months after PAB. Conductance catheter measurements were performed before and 3 months after PAB. Four nonoperated, healthy, age-matched animals served as controls. Higher RV masses (p < 0.01), elevated RV end-systolic volumes (p < 0.05), and lower RV ejection fraction (p < 0.01) were observed in the operated group. The time-to-peak pulmonary artery flow was longer in the banding group (p < 0.01). RV maximal pressure and RV end-diastolic pressure correlated with the time-to-peak flow in the pulmonary artery (r = − 0.70 and − 0.69, respectively). In summary, PAB caused RV hypertrophy, increased myocardial contractility, and decreased RV-EF and cardiac output. The time-to-peak pulmonary artery flow correlated with RV pressures.