Using Quantitative Passive Thermography and Modified Paris-Law for Probabilistic Calculation of the Fatigue Damage Development in a CFRP-Aluminum Hybrid Joint
Although metal to Carbon-fiber-reinforced-polymer (CFRP) hybrid-joints possess a high lightweight construction potential, their extensive application has to deal with interfacial stress concentrations promoting fatigue damage. Furthermore, the underlying damage processes and their influencing factors are still not completely understood. Besides interfacial property-gradients, generic shapes counteract a precise determination of local stresses or strains, respectively. Hence, new methods are required that combine non-destructive testing and fracture mechanics to account for the fatigue damage. In this work, data of mechanical fatigue testing of an aluminum-CFRP hybrid-structure is presented by means of the dynamic stiffness and the mechanical hysteresis. Additionally, in situ passive thermography allows for capturing the heat development due to delamination growth. Correlating the obtained data implies that faster delamination growth coincides with higher amplitude values of lock-in thermography and higher mechanical hysteresis. Supported by this observation, a model is formulated to calculate the local dissipation per loading cycle. Further integration into a Paris-law like formulation results in a calculation model to account for the mode-I fatigue delamination growth. Additional validation of the model parameters shows good agreement with the experimental data.