An Individualised Nutritional Intervention Concept for Nursing Home Residents with or at Risk of Malnutrition: An enable Study
Dietary intake and requirements in nursing home (NH) residents vary individually, but concepts for individualised interventions are currently lacking. Therefore, we present an individualised modular nutritional intervention concept for NH residents with (risk of) malnutrition and describe its application and acceptability. Three enrichment modules-a sweet and a savoury protein cream (40 g, 125 kcal, 10 g protein) and a protein-energy drink (250 mL, 220 kcal, 22 g protein)-were offered to residents of two German NHs single or in combination in five levels of enrichment from level 0 (no enrichment) to 4 (all enrichment modules) to compensate for individual energy and protein deficiencies. Residents with chewing and/or swallowing difficulties received reshaped instead of usual texture-modified meals. The intervention concept was applied to 55 residents (Mean age of 84 ± 8 years, 76.0% female, 25.5% malnutrition). Despite (risk of) malnutrition, 18.2% received no enrichment (level 0). Level 1 was allocated to 10.9%, level 2 to 27.3%, level 3 to 20.0% and level 4 to 23.6% of the residents. 32.7% received reshaped texture-modified meals (RTMM). Participants consuming RTMM were more often assigned to level 4 than residents receiving usual meals (38.8% vs 16.2%). We proposed and successfully applied an individualised modular nutritional intervention concept to NH residents with (risk of) malnutrition. In the next step, the effects of the concept and its transferability to other NHs need to be demonstrated.