Effects of cooling lubricant on the thermal regime in the working space of machine tools
The use of cooling lubricant is indispensable for many milling and grinding machining tasks, primarily to achieve the best possible cooling and lubricating effect in the cutting zone and to reduce wear. In addition, tempered cooling lubricant carries out the function of heat removal from the working space. A reduction due to resource-efficient or ecological efforts has a direct impact on the temperature regime in the working space, which affects the thermal behavior of the frame structures and can cause machining inaccuracies. In this article, these effects of cooling lubricant on the thermal behavior of exemplary assemblies are modeled. Experimental investigations, based on temperatures and displacements, are compared with simulation-based calculations. The results include the description of the environmental conditions that must be taken into account when modeling frame structures and the influencing variables such as coolant temperature, supplied volume flow and extracted air volume.