Cramér-Rao bound analysis of reverberation level estimators for dereverberation and noise reduction
The reverberation power spectral density (PSD) is often required for dereverberation and noise reduction algorithms. In this work, we compare two maximum likelihood (ML) estimators of the reverberation PSD in a noisy environment. In the first estimator, the direct path is first blocked. Then, the ML criterion for estimating the reverberation PSD is stated according to the probability density function of the blocking matrix (BM) outputs. In the second estimator, the speech component is not blocked. Instead, the ML criterion for estimating the speech and reverberation PSD is stated according to the probability density function of the microphone signals. To compare the expected mean square error (MSE) between the two ML estimators of the reverberation PSD, the Crame&r-Rao Bounds (CRBs) for the two ML estimators are derived. We show that the CRB for the joint reverberation and speech PSD estimator is lower than the CRB for estimating the reverberation PSD from the BM outputs. Experimental results show that the MSE of the two estimators indeed obeys the CRB curves. Experimental results of multimicrophone dereverberation and noise reduction algorithm show the benefits of using the ML estimators in comparison with another baseline estimators.