Stem cell labeling with iron oxide nanoparticles: Impact of 3D culture on cell labeling maintenance
Aim: We aimed to analyze the suitability of nanoparticles (M4E) for safe human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) labeling and determined cell labeling maintenance in 2D and 3D culture. Materials & methods: We investigated cell-particle interaction and the particles' impact on cell viability, growth and proliferation. We analyzed cell labeling maintenance in 2D and 3D culture invasively and noninvasively. Results: M4E do not affect cell viability, growth and proliferation and do not cause chromosomal aberrations. Cell labeling maintenance is up to five-times higher in 3D conditions compared with 2D culture. Conclusion: M4E allow safe hMSC labeling and noninvasive identification. Our hMSC-loaded, 3D tissue-engineered construct could serve as a graft for regenerative therapies, in which M4E-labeled hMSCs can migrate to their target.