Synthesis and optical properties of alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones bearing a benzofuran moiety
Five pi-expanded alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones have been prepared from a strongly electron-rich benzofuran derivative via Knoevenagel reaction and aldol condensation. The incorporation of two 6-didodecylaminobenzofuran-2-yl groups at the periphery of D-pi-A and D-pi-A-pi-D molecules resulted in dyes with excellent solubility in the majority of organic solvents. In contrast to the majority of alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones, these dyes emit relatively strongly in the red region with a fluorescence quantum yield up to 40%. They also display strong solvatofluorochromism with emission shifting from 570 nm in toluene to 670 nm in CHCl3. Depending on the chemical structure, they two-photon cross-sections (sigma(2)) are up to 1700 GM (1 GM=10(50) cm(4)s photon(-1)).