Thickness-dependent internal quantum efficiency of narrow band-gap polymer-based solar cells
Active layer thickness-dependent internal quantum efficiencies (IQE) of photocurrent within bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices were characterized. These active layers consisted of an electron-donating narrow band-gap polymer and an electron-accepting fullerene derivative. In order to calculate IQE spectra as a function of active layer thickness, incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency (IPCE) spectra and internal absorptance spectra of active layers with various thicknesses were estimated in these solar cell devices. The transfer matrix method (TMM) was used to calculate the internal absorptance spectra of active layers by using experimental optical constants of thin layers typical for these types of OPV devices including narrow band-gap polymer blend film. In addition, spatially resolved absorptance spectra were used to analyze obtained IPCE spectra as well as OPV device parameters (e.g., short circuit current density) at various active layer thicknesses. Finally, charge-carrier-collecting probability as a function of active layer thickness was suggested with which the relationship between initial exciton generation and final power conversion efficiency can be more quantitatively described.