Ferroelectric Zr0.5Hf0.5O2 thin films for nonvolatile memory applications
We report the observation of ferroelectricity in capacitors based on hafnium-zirconium-oxide. Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 thin films of 7.5 to 9.5 nm thickness were found to exhibit ferroelectric polarization-voltage hysteresis loops when integrated into TiN-based metal-insulator-metal capacitors. A remnant polarization of 16 C/cm2 and a high coercive field of 1 MV/cm were observed. Further proof for the ferroelectric nature was collected by quasi-static polarization-voltage hysteresis, small signal capacitance-voltage, and piezoelectric measurements. Data retention characteristics were evaluated by a Positive Up Negative Down pulse technique. No significant decay of the initial polarization state was observed within a measurement range of up to two days.