Synthesis and properties of new thermosensitive polymer systems
The controlled thermal release of aqueous solvent mixtures from polymeric gel particles was investigated. A new type of a polymeric gel consisting of a maleic anhydride/poly(ethylene glycol) condensation product as a crosslinking macromonomer and acrylamides was synthesized by solution or inverse emulsion polymerization for the investigation. Afterward a shell of crosslinked polystyrene was coated to stabilize this new kind of "microcontainer" for the application. This concept was shown as generally useful for various mixtures of organic solvents and water. The cloud point temperature of the polymer gel strongly depended on the following parameters: the type and content of organic cosolvent, the degree of polymerization and constituents of the polyester moiety, and the type and content of the comonomers.