Finding the most interesting patterns in a database quickly by using sequential sampling

Abstract

Many discovery problems, e.g., subgroup or association rule discovery, can naturally be cast as n-best hypotheses problems where the goal is to find the n hypotheses from a given hypothesis space that score best according to a certain utility function. We present a sampling algorithm that solves this problem by issuing a small number of database queries while guaranteeing precise bounds on the confidence and quality of solutions. Known sampling approaches have treated single hypothesis selection problems, assuming that the utility is the average (over the examples) of some function - which is not the case for many frequently used utility functions. We show that our algorithm works for all utilities that can be estimated with bounded error. We provide these error bounds and resulting worst-case sample bounds for some of the most frequently used utilities, and prove that there is no sampling algorithm for a popular class of utility functions that cannot be estimated with bounded error. The algorithm is sequential in the sense that it starts to return (or discard) hypotheses that already seem to be particularly good (or bad) after a few examples. Thus, the algorithm is almost always faster than its worst-case bounds.