Production of baculovirus and stem cells for baculovirus-mediated gene transfer into human mesenchymal stem cells
The discovery of the genome-editing tool CRISPR-Cas9 is revolutionizing the world of gene therapy and will extend the gene therapy product pipeline. While applying gene therapy products, the main difficulty is an efficient and effective transfer of the nucleic acids carrying the relevant information to their target destination, the nucleus of the cells. Baculoviruses have shown to be very suitable transport vehicles for this task due to, inter alia, their ability to transduce mammalian/human cells without being pathogenic. This property allows the usage of baculovirus-transduced cells as cell therapy products, thus, combining the advantages of gene and cell therapy. To make such pharmaceuticals available for patients, a successful production and purification is necessary. In this chapter, we describe the generation of a pseudotyped baculovirus vector, followed by downstream processing using depth and tangential-flow filtration. This vector is used subsequently to transduce human mesenchymal stem cells. The production of the cells and the subsequent transduction process are illustrated.